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    Colombia Geography - 1989

      Total area: 1,138,910 km2
      land area: 1,038,700 km2
      includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, Serrana Bank, and Serranilla Bank

      Comparative area: slightly less than three times the size of Montana

      Land boundaries: 7,408 km total
      Brazil 1,643 km, Ecuador 590 km, Panama 225 km, Peru 2,900, Venezuela 2,050 km

      Coastline: 3,208 km total (1,448 km North Pacific Ocean
      1,760 Caribbean Sea)

      Maritime claims: @m5Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation @m5Extended economic zone: 200 nm @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: maritime boundary dispute with Venezuela over the Gulf of Venezuela; territorial dispute with Nicaragua over Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank

      Climate: tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands

      Terrain: mixture of flat coastal lowlands, plains in east, central highlands, some high mountains

      Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds

      Land use: 4% arable land; 2% permanent crops; 29% meadows and pastures; 49% forest and woodland; 16% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; deforestation

      Note: only South American country with coastlines on both North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Colombia on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Colombia Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Colombia Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)