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    German Democratic Republic Geography - 1989

      Total area: 108,330 km2
      land area: 105,980 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Tennessee

      Land boundaries: 2,296 km total
      Czechoslovakia 459 km, Poland 456 km, FRG 1,381 km

      Coastline: 901 km

      Maritime claims: @m5Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
      @m5Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: it is US policy that the final borders of Germany have not been established; the US is seeking to settle the property claims of US nationals against the GDR; marine boundary with Poland

      Climate: temperate; cloudy, cold winters with frequent rain and snow; cool, wet summers

      Terrain: mostly flat plain with hills and mountains in south

      Natural resources: lignite, potash, uranium, copper, natural gas, salt, nickel

      Land use: 45% arable land; 3% permanent crops; 12% meadows and pastures; 28% forest and woodland; 12% other; includes 2% irrigated

      Environment: significant deforestation caused by air pollution, acid rain

      Note: separated from FRG by a highly secured strip that extends the entire length of the frontier; strategic location on North European Plain and near the entrance to Baltic Sea; West Berlin is an enclave (about 116 km by air or 176 km by road from FRG)

      NOTE: The information regarding German Democratic Republic on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of German Democratic Republic Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about German Democratic Republic Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)