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    Guatemala Government - 1989
    https://theodora.com/wfb1989/guatemala/guatemala_government.html
    SOURCE: 1989 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Long-form name: Republic of Guatemala

      Type: republic

      Capital: Guatemala

      Administrative divisions: 22 departments (departamentos, singular--departamento); Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quezaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez, Totonicapan, Zacapa

      Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

      Constitution: 31 May 1985, effective 14 January 1986; Constitution came into effect 1966 but suspended following March 1982 coup; Constituent Assembly elected in July 1984 completed drafting new Constitution and other electoral laws in June 1985

      Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

      Branches: traditionally dominant executive; the new 100-member National Congress, replacing the Constituent Assembly, was installed 14 January 1986; power vested in Office of President; seven-member (minimum) Supreme Court

      Leader: @m5Chief of State and Head of Government--President Mario Vinicio CEREZO Arevalo (since 14 January 1986); Vice President Roberto CARPIO Nicolle (since 14 January 1986)

      Suffrage: universal over age 18, compulsory for literates, optional for illiterates

      Elections: last congressional election held 3 November 1985; because no candidate received an overall majority, a runoff election was held 8 December 1985, when Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arevalo was elected as president

      Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Party (DCG), Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arevalo; National Centrist Union (UCN), Jorge Carpio Nicolle; National Liberation Movement (MLN), Mario Sandoval Alarcon; Institutional Democratic Party (PID) in coalition with MLN; People's Democratic Force (FDP) in coalition with MLN; Social Action Movement (MAS), Jorge Serrano Elias; Revolutionary Party (PR) in coalition with PDCN; Social Democratic Party (PSD), Mario Solarzano Martinez; National Renewal Party (PNR), Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre; National Authentic Center (CAN), Mario David Garcia; United Anti-Communist Party (PUA); emerging Movement for Harmony (MEC) in coalition with PUA; 14 political groups participated in national election for a civilian president, congress, and mayoralties; in runoff elections between Vinicio Cerezo (DCG) and Jorge Carpio (UCN), Cerezo won by a two-to-one margin

      Voting strength: (November 1985) DCG, 38.65%; UCN, 20.23%; PDCN/PR, 13.78%; MLN/PID, 12.56%; CAN, 6.28%; PSD, 3.41%; PNR, 3.15%; PUA/FUN/MEC, 1.91%; (December 1985) DCB 51 seats, UCN 22 seats, MLN 12 seats, PDCN/PR 11 seats, PSD 2 seats, PNR 1 seat, CAN 1 seat

      Communists: Guatemalan Labor Party (PGT); main radical left guerrilla groups--Guerrilla Army of the Poor (EGP), Revolutionary Organization of the People in Arms (ORPA), Rebel Armed Forces (FAR), and PGT dissidents

      Other political or pressure groups: Federated Chambers of Commerce and Industry (CACIF), Mutual Support Group (GAM), Unity for Popular and Labor Action (URSP)

      Member of: CACM, CCC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAC, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IDB--Inter-American Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IRC, ISO, ITU, IWC--International Wheat Council, OAS, ODECA, PAHO, SELA, UN, UNESCO, UPEB, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

      Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Rodolfo ROHRMOSER V; Chancery at 2220 R Street NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 745-4952 through 4954; there are Guatemalan Consulates General in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, and San Francisco; US--Ambassador James H. MICHEL; Embassy at 7-01 Avenida de la Reforma, Zone 10, Guatemala City (mailing address is APO Miami 34024); telephone �502� (2) 31-15-41

      Flag: three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) and a scroll bearing the inscription @m5LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles and a pair of crossed swords and framed by a wreath

      NOTE: The information regarding Guatemala on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guatemala Government 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guatemala Government 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
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