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    Hungary Government - 1989

      Long-form name: Hungarian People's Republic

      Type: Communist state

      Capital: Budapest

      Administrative divisions: 19 counties (megyek, singular--megye) and 1 capital city* (fovaros); Bacs-Kiskun, Baranya, Bekes, Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, Budapest*, Csongrad, Fejer, Gyor-Sopron, Hajdu-Bihar, Heves, Komarom, Nograd, Pest, Somogy, Szabolcs-Szatmar, Szolnok, Tolna, Vas, Veszprem, Zala

      Independence: 1001, unification by King Stephen I

      Constitution: 18 August 1949, effective 20 August 1949, revised 19 April 1972

      Legal system: based on Communist legal theory, with both civil law system (civil code of 1960) and common law elements; Supreme Court renders decisions of principle that sometimes have the effect of declaring legislative acts unconstitutional; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      National holiday: Anniversary of the Liberation, 4 April (1945)

      Branches: executive--Presidential Council (elected by parliament); unicameral legislature--National Assembly (elected by direct suffrage); judicial--Supreme Court (elected by parliament)

      Leaders: @m5Chief of State--President of the Presidential Council Dr. Bruno Ferenc STRAUB (since 29 June 1988); @m5Head of Government--Chairman of the Council of Ministers Miklos NEMETH (since NA November 1988)

      Suffrage: universal over age 18

      Elections: every five years (last election June 1985); national and local elections are held separately

      Political parties and leaders: Hungarian Socialist (Communist) Workers' Party (MSZMP), led by a four-member presidium consisting of Rezso Nyers, Chairman; Imre Pozsgay; Miklos Nemeth, Premier; and Karoly Grosz, General Secretary; Social Democratic Party; Smallholders; People's Party

      Voting strength: (1985 election) 7,700,000 (94%) turnout for multiple-candidate election, with only some leading figures running without opposition

      Communists: 870,992 party members (January 1985)

      Member of: CCC, CEMA, Danube Commission, FAO, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAC, ICAO, ILO, ILZSG, IMF, IMO, IPU, ISO, ITC, ITU, UN, UNESCO, UPU, Warsaw Pact, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

      Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Dr. Vencel HAZI; Chancery at 3910 Shoemaker Street NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 362-6730; there is a Hungarian Consulate General in New York; US--Ambassador Mark PALMER; Embassy at V. Szabadsag Ter 12, Budapest (mailing address is APO New York 09213); telephone �36� (1) 126-450

      Flag: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green

      NOTE: The information regarding Hungary on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hungary Government 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hungary Government 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)