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    Iran Geography - 1989

      Total area: 1,648,000 km2
      land area: 1,636,000 km2

      Comparative area: slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries: 5,492 km total
      Afghanistan 936 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, USSR 1,690 km

      Coastline: 3,180 km

      Maritime claims: @m5Continental shelf: not specific
      @m5Exclusive fishing zone: 50 nm in the Sea of Oman
      median-line boundaries in the Persian Gulf @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: Iran began formal UN peace negotiations with Iraq in August 1988 to end the war that began on 22 September 1980--troop withdrawal, freedom of navigation, sovereignty over the Shatt al Arab waterway and prisoner-of-war exchange are the major issues for negotiation; Kurdish question among Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and the USSR; occupies three islands in the Persian Gulf claimed by UAE (Jazireh-ye Abu Musa or Abu Musa, Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg or Greater Tunb, and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek or Lesser Tunb); periodic disputes with Afghanistan over Helmand water rights; Baluch question with Afghanistan and Pakistan

      Climate: mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast

      Terrain: rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

      Land use: 8% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 27% meadows and pastures; 11% forest and woodland; 54% other; includes 2% irrigated

      Environment: deforestation; overgrazing; desertification

      NOTE: The information regarding Iran on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iran Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iran Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)