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    Mexico Government - 1989

      Long-form name: United Mexican States

      Type: federal republic operating under a centralized government

      Capital: Mexico

      Administrative divisions: 31 states (estados, singular--estado) and 1 federal district* (distrito federal); Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Distrito Federal*, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas

      Independence: 16 September 1810 (from Spain)

      Constitution: 5 February 1917

      Legal system: mixture of US constitutional theory and civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1810)

      Branches: dominant executive, with president elected for a four-year term; bicameral legislature (National Congress--Senate, Federal Chamber of Deputies), Supreme Court

      Leader: @m5Chief of State and Head of Government--President Carlos SALINAS de Gortari (since December 1988)

      Suffrage: universal over age 18; compulsory but unenforced

      Elections: last presidential election held 6 July 1988

      Political parties and leaders: (recognized parties) Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta; National Action Party (PAN), Luis Alvarez; Popular Socialist Party (PPS), Indalecio Sagayo Herrera; Mexican Socialist Party (PMS), Gilberto Rincon Gallardo; Cardenist Front of the Nationalist Reconstruction Party (PFCRN), formerly the Socialist Workers Party (PST), Rafael Aguilar Talamantes; Revolutionary Workers Party (PRT), Edgar Sanchez; Authentic Party of the Revolution (PARM), Carlos Enrique Cantu Rosas; Mexican Democratic Party (PDM); Victor Atilano Gomez

      Voting strength: (1988 legislative) Chamber of Deputies--PRI 53%, PAN 20%, PFCRN 10%, PPS 6%, PARM 7%, PMS 4%; Senate--PRI 94%, FDN 6%; July 1988 presidential election--PRI 50.7%, PAN 16.8%, PFCRN 10.5%, PPS 10.5%, PARM 6.3%, PMS 3.6%, PDM 1.0%, PRT 0.4%, other 0.2%; note--PFCRN, PPS, PMS, and PARM ran common candidate(s) under a coalition, the National Democratic Front (FDN)

      Other political or pressure groups: Roman Catholic Church, Confederation of Mexican Workers (CTM), Confederation of Industrial Chambers (CONCAMIN), Confederation of National Chambers of Commerce (CONCANACO), National Peasant Confederation (CNC), National Confederation of Popular Organizations (CNOP), Revolutionary Confederation of Workers and Peasants (CROC)

      Member of: FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAC, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IDB--Inter-American Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, ILO, ILZSG, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IRC, ISO, ITU, IWC--International Whaling Commission, LAIA, OAS, PAHO, SELA, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WSG, WTO, Group of Eight

      Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Gustavo PETRICIOLI Iturbide; Chancery at 2829 16th Street NW, Washington DC 20009; telephone (202) 234-6000; there are Mexican Consulates General in Chicago, Dallas, Denver, El Paso, Houston, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, San Antonio, San Diego, and Consulates in Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Brownsville (Texas), Calexico (California), Corpus Christi, Del Rio (Texas), Detroit, Douglas (Arizona), Eagle Pass (Texas), Fresno (California), Kansas City (Missouri), Laredo, McAllen (Texas), Miami, Nogales (Arizona), Oxnard (California), Philadelphia, Phoenix, Presidio (Texas), Sacramento, St. Louis, St. Paul (Minneapolis), Salt Lake City, San Bernardino, San Jose, San Juan (Puerto Rico), and Seattle; US--Ambassador Charles J. PILLIOD, Jr.; Embassy at Paseo de la Reforma 305, Mexico 5, D.F. (mailing address is P. O. Box 3087, Laredo, TX 78044); telephone �52� (5) 211-0042; there are US Consulates General in Ciudad Juarez, Guadalajara, Monterrey, and Tijuana, and Consulates in Hermosillo, Matamoros, Mazatlan, Merida, and Nuevo Laredo

      Flag: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; the coat of arms (an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake is its beak) is centered in the white band

      NOTE: The information regarding Mexico on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mexico Government 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mexico Government 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
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