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    Namibia Government - 1989

      Long-form name: none

      Type: former German colony of South-West Africa mandated to South Africa by League of Nations in 1920; UN formally ended South Africa's mandate on 27 October 1966, but South Africa has retained administrative control

      Capital: Windhoek

      Administrative divisions: 26 districts; Bethanien, Boesmanland, Caprivi Oos, Damaraland, Gobabis, Grootfontein, Hereroland Oos, Hereroland Wes, Kaokoland, Karasburg, Karibib, Kavango, Keetmanshoop, Luderitz, Maltanhohe, Mariental, Namaland, Okahandja, Omaruru, Otjiwarongo, Outjo, Owambo, Rehoboth, Swakopmund, Tsumeb, Windhoek

      Independence: none (under South African administrative control)

      Constitution: July 1987 (draft)

      Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and customary law

      National holiday: Settlers' Day, 10 December

      Branches: since September 1977 administrator general, appointed by South African Government, has exercised coordinative functions over zone of white settlement and tribal homelands, where traditional chiefs and representative bodies exercise limited autonomy; veto power over legislation proposed by National Assembly; interim government established June 1985 with eight-member Cabinet, 16-member Constitutional Council, and 62-member National Assembly

      Leader: @m5Head of Government South African Administrator General Louis A. PIENAAR (since 30 May 1985); note--South Africa's mandate to administer South West Africa (name changed to Namibia in June 1968), was ended by the UN General Assembly in October 1966; however South Africa is still in occupation of the territory

      Suffrage: universal white adult suffrage at territorial level; lower level elections open to blacks

      Elections: last election of Namibian National Assembly, December 1978

      Political parties and leaders: six parties belong to multiracial South African-appointed Transitional Government of National Unity Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA), Dirk Mudge; South-West African National Union (SWANU), Moses Katjiuongua; South-West African People's Organization Democrats (SWAPO-D), Andreas Shipanga; South-West African National Party (SWANP), Kosie Pretorius; Colored Labor Party (LP), David Bezuidenhout; Rehoboth Free Democratic Party (RFDP), Hans Diergaardt; other parties--United Democratic Party, formed in September 1985 after merger of two Caprivi parties, Mishake Muyongo; Federal Party, largely white, English speaking, liberal; Christian Democratic Action Party, a primarily Ovambo party formed in early 1982 as a result of a split in the DTA, Peter Kalangula

      Voting strength: (1978 election) Namibian National Assembly--DTA 22 seats; SWANP 8 seats; SWANU 8 seats; SWAPO-D 8 seats; LP 8 seats; RFDP 8 seats; Assembly appointed in June 1985

      Communists: no Communist party; SWAPO guerrilla force is supported by the USSR, Cuba, other Communist states, and the Organization for African Unity

      Other political or pressure groups: South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO), led by Sam Nujoma, maintains a foreign-based guerrilla movement; is predominantly Ovambo but has some influence among other tribes; is the only Namibian group recognized by the UN General Assembly and the Organization of African Unity

      Member of: FAO, ILO, UNESCO, WHO

      Diplomatic representation: none

      Flag: the flag of South Africa is used

      NOTE: The information regarding Namibia on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Namibia Government 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Namibia Government 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
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