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    Romania Geography - 1989

      Total area: 237,500 km2
      land area: 230,340 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries: 2,904 km total
      Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, USSR 1,307 km, Yugoslavia 546 km

      Coastline: 225 km

      Maritime claims: @m5Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
      @m5Extended economic zone: 200 nm
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: Transylvania question with Hungary; Bessarabia question with USSR

      Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

      Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; some hills and mountains

      Natural resources: crude oil, timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt

      Land use: 43% arable land; 3% permanent crops; 19% meadows and pastures; 28% forest and woodland; 7% other; includes 11% irrigated

      Environment: frequent earthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides, air pollution in south

      Note: controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans and western USSR

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)