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    South Africa Geography - 1989

      Total area: 1,221,040 km2
      land area: 1,221,040 km2
      includes Walvis Bay, Marion Island, and Prince Edward Island

      Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: 4,973 km total
      Botswana 1,840 km, Lesotho 909 km, Mozambique 491 km, Namibia 1,078 km, Swaziland 430 km, Zimbabwe 225 km

      Coastline: 2,881 km

      Maritime claims: @m5Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation @m5Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: administers Namibia until implementation of UN Resolution 435 on 1 April 1989

      Climate: mostly semiarid; subtropical along coast; sunny days, cool nights

      Terrain: vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain

      Natural resources: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

      Land use: 10% arable land; 1% permanent crops; 65% meadows and pastures; 3% forest and woodland; 21% other; includes 1% irrigated

      Environment: lack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures

      Note: Walvis Bay is an exclave of South Africa in Namibia; completely surrounds Lesotho; almost completely surrounds Swaziland

      NOTE: The information regarding South Africa on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Africa Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Africa Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)