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    Spain Communications - 1989

      Railroads: 15,430 km total; Spanish National Railways (RENFE) operates 12,691 km 1.668-meter gauge, 6,184 km electrified, and 2,295 km double track; FEVE (government-owned narrow-gauge railways) operates 1,821 km of predominantly 1.000-meter gauge and 441 km electrified; privately owned railways operate 918 km of predominantly 1.000-meter gauge, 512 km electrified, and 56 km double track

      Highways: 150,396 km total; 82,070 km national (includes 2,433 km limited-access divided highway, 63,042 km bituminous treated, 17,038 km intermediate bituminous, concrete, or stone block) and 68,326 km provincial or local roads (bituminous treated, intermediate bituminous, or stone block)

      Inland waterways: 1,045 km, but of minor economic importance

      Pipelines: 265 km crude oil; 1,794 km refined products; 1,666 km natural gas

      Ports: Algeciras, Alicante, Almeria, Barcelona, Bilbao, Cadiz, Cartagena, Castellon, Ceuta, El Ferrol, Gijon Musel, Heulva, La Coruna, Las Palmas (Canary Islands), Mahon, Malaga, Melilla, Rota, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Sagunto, Tarragona, Valencia, Vigo, and 175 minor

      Merchant marine: 363 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,844,001 GRT/6,693,143 DWT; includes 5 passenger, 8 short-sea passenger, 133 cargo, 25 refrigerated cargo, 19 container, 23 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 52 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 20 chemical tanker, 15 liquefied gas, 1 specialized tanker, 3 combination ore/oil, 54 bulk, 5 vehicle carrier

      Civil air: 142 major transport aircraft

      Airports: 111 total, 104 usable; 61 with permanent-surface runways; 4 with runways over 3,659 m; 20 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 29 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

      Telecommunications: generally adequate, modern facilities; 15,310,000 telephones; stations--179 AM, 260 (134 relays) FM, 98 (1,297 relays) TV; 17 coaxial submarine cables; 2 communication satellite ground stations operating in INTELSAT, MARISAT, and ENTELSAT systems

      NOTE: The information regarding Spain on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Spain Communications 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Spain Communications 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
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