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    Switzerland Government - 1989
    https://theodora.com/wfb1989/switzerland/switzerland_government.html
    SOURCE: 1989 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Long-form name: Swiss Confederation

      Type: federal republic

      Capital: Bern

      Administrative divisions: 26 cantons (cantons, singular--canton in French; cantoni, singular--cantone in Italian; kantone, singular--kanton in German); Aargau, Ausser-Rhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern, Fribourg, Geneve, Glarus, Graubunden, Inner-Rhoden, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Vaud, Zug, Zurich

      Independence: 1 August 1291

      Constitution: 29 May 1874

      Legal system: civil law system influenced by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts, except with respect to federal decrees of general obligatory character; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      National holiday: Anniversary of the Founding of the Swiss Confederation, 1 August (1291)

      Branches: bicameral parliament (National Council, Council of States) has legislative authority; federal council (Bundesrat) has executive authority; justice left chiefly to cantons

      Leaders: Jean-Pascal DELAMURAZ, President (1989--presidency rotates annually); Arnold KOLLER, Vice President (term runs concurrently with that of President)

      Suffrage: universal over age 20

      Elections: held every four years; next scheduled for 1991

      Political parties and leaders: Social Democratic Party (SPS), Helmut Hubacher, chairman; Radical Democratic Party (FDP), Bruno Hunziker, president; Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP), Eva Segmuller-Weber, president; Swiss People's Party (SVP), Adolf Ogi, president; Workers' Party (PdA), Armand Magnin, secretary general; National Action Party (NA), Hans Zwicky, chairman; Independents' Party (LdU), Dr. Franz Jaeger, president; Republican Movement (Rep), Dr. James Schworzenboch, Franz Baumgartner, leaders; Liberal Party (LPS), Gilbert Coutau, president; Evangelical People's Party (EVP), Max Dnk, president; Progressive Organizations of Switzerland (POCH), Georg Degen, secretary; Federation of Ecology Parties (GP), Laurent Rebeaud, president; Autonomous Socialist Party (PSA), Werner Carobbio, secretary

      Voting strength: (18 October 1987 National Council election) 22.9% FDP, 20% CVP, 18.4% SPS, 11% SVP, 4.8% GP, 4.2% LdU, 2.9% other

      Communists: 4,500 members (est.)

      Member of: ADB, CCC, Council of Europe, DAC, EFTA, ESA, FAO, GATT, IAEA, ICAC, ICAO, ICO, IDB--Inter-American Development Bank, IEA, IFAD, ILO, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IPU, ITU, IWC--International Wheat Council, OECD, UNESCO, UPU, World Confederation of Labor, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WSG, WTO; permanent observer status at the UN

      Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Edouard BRUNNER; Chancery at 2900 Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 745-7900; there are Swiss Consulates General in Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco; US--Ambassador Philip D. WINN; Embassy at Jubilaeumstrasse 93, 3005 Bern; telephone �41� (31) 437011; there is Branch Office of the Embassy in Geneva and a Consulate General in Zurich

      Flag: red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag

      NOTE: The information regarding Switzerland on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Switzerland Government 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Switzerland Government 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb1989/switzerland/switzerland_government.html

    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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