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    Vietnam Geography - 1989

      Total area: 329,560 km2
      land area: 325,360

      Comparative area: slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries: 3,818 km total
      Cambodia 982 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 1,555 km

      Coastline: 3,444 km (excluding islands)

      Maritime claims: @m5Contiguous zone: 24 nm
      @m5Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm
      @m5Extended economic zone: 200 nm
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: three sections of the boundary with Cambodia are in dispute; occupied Cambodia on 25 December 1978; sporadic border clashes with China; involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with China, Malaysia, Philippines, and Taiwan; maritime boundary dispute with China in the Gulf of Tonkin; Paracel Islands occupied by China but claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan

      Climate: tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (mid-May to mid-September) and warm, dry season (mid-October to mid-March)

      Terrain: low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

      Natural resources: phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil deposits, forests

      Land use: 22% arable land; 2% permanent crops; 1% meadows and pastures; 40% forest and woodland; 35% other; includes 5% irrigated

      Environment: occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding

      NOTE: The information regarding Vietnam on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vietnam Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vietnam Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)