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    Australia Geography - 1990

      Total area: 7,686,850 km2
      land area: 7,617,930 km2; includes Macquarie Island

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than the US

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 25,760 km

      Maritime claims:

      Contiguous zone: 12 nm;

      Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

      Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

      Territorial sea: 3 nm

      Disputes: territorial claim in Antarctica (Australian Antarctic Territory)

      Climate: generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

      Terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

      Natural resources: bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, crude oil

      Land use: 6% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 58% meadows and pastures; 14% forest and woodland; 22% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: subject to severe droughts and floods; cyclones along coast; limited freshwater availability; irrigated soil degradation; regular, tropical, invigorating, sea breeze known as the doctor occurs along west coast in summer; desertification

      Note: world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country

      NOTE: The information regarding Australia on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Australia Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Australia Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)