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    Colombia Geography - 1990

      Total area: 1,138,910 km2
      land area: 1,038,700 km2; includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, Serrana Bank, and Serranilla Bank

      Comparative area: slightly less than three times the size of Montana

      Land boundaries: 7,408 km total; Brazil 1,643 km, Ecuador 590 km, Panama 225 km, Peru 2,900, Venezuela 2,050 km

      Coastline: 3,208 km total (1,448 km North Pacific Ocean; 1,760 Caribbean Sea)

      Maritime claims:

      Continental shelf: not specified;

      Extended economic zone: 200 nm;

      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: maritime boundary dispute with Venezuela in the Gulf of Venezuela; territorial dispute with Nicaragua over Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank

      Climate: tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands

      Terrain: mixture of flat coastal lowlands, plains in east, central highlands, some high mountains

      Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds

      Land use: 4% arable land; 2% permanent crops; 29% meadows and pastures; 49% forest and woodland; 16% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: highlands subject to volcanic eruptions; deforestation; soil damage from overuse of pesticides; periodic droughts

      Note: only South American country with coastlines on both North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Colombia on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Colombia Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Colombia Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)