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    Egypt Geography - 1990

      Total area: 1,001,450 km2
      land area: 995,450 km2

      Comparative area: slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico

      Land boundaries: 2,689 km total; Gaza Strip 11, Israel 255 km, Libya 1,150 km, Sudan 1,273 km

      Coastline: 2,450 km

      Maritime claims:

      Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

      Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

      Extended economic zone: undefined;

      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: Administrative Boundary and international boundary with Sudan

      Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters

      Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta

      Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc

      Land use: 3% arable land; 2% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; NEGL% forest and woodland; 95% other; includes 5% irrigated

      Environment: Nile is only perennial water source; increasing soil salinization below Aswan High Dam; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; water pollution; desertification

      Note: controls Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, shortest sea link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean; size and juxtaposition to Israel establish its major role in Middle Eastern geopolitics

      NOTE: The information regarding Egypt on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Egypt Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Egypt Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)