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    Ethiopia Geography - 1990

      Total area: 1,221,900 km2
      land area: 1,101,000 km2

      Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: 5,141 km total; Djibouti 459 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 2,221 km

      Coastline: 1,094 km

      Maritime claims:

      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: southern half of the boundary with Somalia is a Provisional Administrative Line; possible claim by Somalia based on unification of ethnic Somalis; territorial dispute with Somalia over the Ogaden; separatist movement in Eritrea; antigovernment insurgencies in Tigray and other areas

      Climate: tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation; prone to extended droughts

      Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

      Natural resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash

      Land use: 12% arable land; 1% permanent crops; 41% meadows and pastures; 24% forest and woodland; 22% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; frequent droughts; famine

      Note: strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; major resettlement project ongoing in rural areas will significantly alter population distribution and settlement patterns over the next several decades

      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)