Finland Geography 1990 - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System
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    Finland Geography - 1990

      Total area: 337,030 km2
      land area: 305,470 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Montana

      Land boundaries: 2,578 km total; Norway 729 km, Sweden 536 km, USSR 1,313 km

      Coastline: 1,126 km excluding islands and coastal indentations

      Maritime claims:

      Contiguous zone: 6 nm;

      Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

      Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm;

      Territorial sea: 4 nm

      Climate: cold temperate; potentially subarctic, but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

      Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills

      Natural resources: timber, copper, zinc, iron ore, silver

      Land use: 8% arable land; 0% permanent crops; NEGL% meadows and pastures; 76% forest and woodland; 16% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: permanently wet ground covers about 30% of land; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain

      Note: long boundary with USSR; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent

      NOTE: The information regarding Finland on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Finland Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Finland Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)