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    Germany, Federal Republic of Geography - 1990

      Total area: 248,580 km2
      land area: 244,280 km2; includes West Berlin

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries: 4,256 km total; Austria 784 km, Belgium 167 km, Czechoslovakia 356 km, Denmark 68 km, France 451 km, GDR 1,381 km; Luxembourg 138 km, Netherlands 577 km, Switzerland 334 km

      Coastline: 1,488 km

      Maritime claims:

      Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

      Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

      Territorial sea: 3 nm (extends, at one point, to 16 nm in the Helgolander Bucht)

      Disputes: it is US policy that the final borders of Germany have not been established

      Climate: temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm, tropical foehn wind; high relative humidity

      Terrain: lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south

      Natural resources: iron ore, coal, potash, timber

      Land use: 30% arable land; 1% permanent crops; 19% meadows and pastures; 30% forest and woodland; 20% other; includes 1% irrigated

      Environment: air and water pollution

      Note: West Berlin is an exclave (about 116 km by air or 176 km by road from FRG)

      NOTE: The information regarding Germany, Federal Republic of on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Germany, Federal Republic of Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Germany, Federal Republic of Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)