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    Italy Geography - 1990

      Total area: 301,230 km2
      land area: 294,020 km2; includes Sardinia and Sicily

      Comparative area: slightly larger than Arizona

      Land boundaries: 1,902.2 km total; Austria 430 km, France 488 km, San Marino 39 km, Switzerland 740 km, Vatican City 3.2 km, Yugoslavia 202 km

      Coastline: 4,996 km

      Maritime claims:

      Continental shelf: 200 m or to depth of exploitation;

      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: South Tyrol question with Austria

      Climate: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

      Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands

      Natural resources: mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, dwindling natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal

      Land use: 32% arable land; 10% permanent crops; 17% meadows and pastures; 22% forest and woodland; 19% other; includes 10% irrigated

      Environment: regional risks include landslides, mudflows, snowslides, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding, pollution; land sinkage in Venice

      Note: strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Italy on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Italy Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Italy Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)