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    Libya Government - 1990

      Long-form name: Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

      Type: Jamahiriya (a state of the masses); in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in fact, a military dictatorship

      Capital: Tripoli

      Administrative divisions: 46 municipalities (baladiyat, singular--baladiyah); Ajdabiya, Al Abyar, Al Aziziyah, Al Bayda, Al Jufrah, Al Jumayl, Al Khums, Al Kufrah, Al Marj, Al Qarabulli, Al Qubbah, Al Ujaylat, Ash Shati, Awbari, Az Zahra, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Bani Walid, Bin Jawwad, Darnah, Ghadamis, Gharyan, Ghat, Jadu, Jalu, Janzur, Masallatah, Misratah, Mizdah, Murzuq, Nalut, Qaminis, Qasr Bin Ghashir, Sabha, Sabratah, Shahhat, Surman, Surt, Tajura, Tarabulus, Tarhunah, Tubruq, Tukrah, Yafran, Zlitan, Zuwarah; note--the number of municipalities may have been reduced to 13 named Al Jabal al-Akhdar, Al Jabal al-Gharbi, Al Jabal al-Khums, Al Batnam, Al Kufrah, Al Marqab, Al Marzuq, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Khalij Surt, Sabha, Tripoli, Wadi al-Hayat

      Independence: 24 December 1951 (from Italy)

      Constitution: 11 December 1969, amended 2 March 1977

      Legal system: based on Italian civil law system and Islamic law; separate religious courts; no constitutional provision for judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      National holiday: Revolution Day, 1 September (1969)

      Executive branch: revolutionary leader, chairman of the General People's Committee, General People's Committee (cabinet)

      Legislative branch: unicameral General People's Congress

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court

      Leaders: Chief of State--Revolutionary Leader Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI (since 1 September 1969); Head of Government--Chairman of the General People's Committee (Premier) Umar Mustafa al-MUNTASIR (since 1 March 1987)

      Political parties and leaders: none

      Suffrage: universal and compulsory at age 18

      Elections: national elections are indirect through a hierarchy of revolutionary committees

      Flag: plain green; green is the traditional color of Islam (the state religion)

      NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Government 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Government 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
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