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    Pakistan Geography - 1990

      Total area: 803,940 km2
      land area: 778,720 km2

      Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries: 6,774 km total; Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

      Coastline: 1,046 km

      Maritime claims:

      Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

      Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm;

      Extended economic zone: 200 nm;

      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: boundary with India; Pashtun question with Afghanistan; Baloch question with Afghanistan and Iran; water sharing problems with upstream riparian India over the Indus

      Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

      Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

      Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited crude oil, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

      Land use: 26% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 6% meadows and pastures; 4% forest and woodland; 64% other; includes 19% irrigated

      Environment: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August); deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water logging

      Note: controls Khyber Pass and Malakand Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

      NOTE: The information regarding Pakistan on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Pakistan Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Pakistan Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)