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    South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography - 1990

      Total area: 4,066 km2
      land area: 4,066 km2; includes Shag and Clerke Rocks

      Comparative area: slightly larger than Rhode Island

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: undetermined

      Maritime claims:

      Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

      Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: administered by the UK, claimed by Argentina

      Climate: variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year, interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow

      Terrain: most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes

      Natural resources: fish

      Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 100% other; largely covered by permanent ice and snow with some sparse vegetation consisting of grass, moss, and lichen

      Environment: reindeer, introduced early in this century, live on South Georgia; weather conditions generally make it difficult to approach the South Sandwich Islands; the South Sandwich Islands are subject to active volcanism

      Note: the north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage

      NOTE: The information regarding South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)