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    Svalbard Geography - 1990

      Total area: 62,049 km2
      land area: 62,049 km2; includes Spitsbergen and Bjornoya (Bear Island)

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 3,587 km

      Maritime claims:

      Contiguous zone: 10 nm;

      Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

      Extended economic zone: 200 nm unilaterally claimed by Norway, not recognized by USSR;

      Territorial sea: 4 nm

      Disputes: focus of maritime boundary dispute between Norway and USSR

      Climate: arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year

      Terrain: wild, rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clear of ice about half the year; fjords along west and north coasts

      Natural resources: coal, copper, iron ore, phosphate, zinc, wildlife, fish

      Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 100% other; there are no trees and the only bushes are crowberry and cloudberry

      Environment: great calving glaciers descend to the sea

      Note: located 445 km north of Norway where the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, and Norwegian Sea meet

      NOTE: The information regarding Svalbard on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Svalbard Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Svalbard Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)