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    Taiwan People - 1990

      Population: 20,546,664 (July 1990), growth rate 1.1% (1990)

      Birth rate: 16 births/1,000 population (1990)

      Death rate: 5 deaths/1,000 population (1990)

      Net migration rate: NEGL migrants/1,000 population (1990)

      Infant mortality rate: 17 deaths/1,000 live births (1990)

      Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 77 years female (1990)

      Total fertility rate: 1.7 children born/woman (1990)

      Nationality: noun--Chinese (sing., pl.); adjective--Chinese

      Ethnic divisions: 84% Taiwanese, 14% mainland Chinese, 2% aborigine

      Religion: 93% mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist; 4.5% Christian; 2.5% other

      Language: Mandarin Chinese (official); Taiwanese and Hakka dialects also used

      Literacy: 94%

      Labor force: 7,880,000; 41% industry and commerce, 32% services, 20% agriculture, 7% civil administration (1986)

      Organized labor: 1,300,000 or about 18.4% (government controlled) (1983) - Administration

      Long-form name: none

      Type: one-party presidential regime; opposition political parties legalized in March, 1989

      Capital: Taipei

      Administrative divisions: 16 counties (hsien, singular and plural), 5 municipalities* (shih, singular and plural), 2 special municipalities** (chuan-shih, singular and plural); Chang-hua, Chia-i, Chia-i*, Chi-lung*, Hsin-chu, Hsin-chu*, Hua-lien, I-lan, Kao-hsiung, Kao-hsiung**, Miao-li, Nan-t'ou, P'eng-hu, P'ing-tung, T'ai-chung, T'ai-chung*, T'ai-nan, T'ai-nan*, T'ai-pei, T'ai-pei**, T'ai-tung, T'ao-yuan, Yun-lin; note--the Wade-Giles system is used for romanization

      Constitution: 25 December 1947

      Legal system: based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

      National holiday: National Day (Anniversary of the Revolution), 10 October (1911)

      Executive branch: president, vice president, premier of the Executive Yuan, vice premier of the Executive Yuan, Executive Yuan

      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Yuan

      Judicial branch: Judicial Yuan

      Leaders: Chief of State--President LI Teng-hui (since 13 January 1988); Vice President LI Yuan-tzu (will take office 20 May 1990); Head of Government--Premier (President of the Executive Yuan) HAO Po-ts'un (since 2 May 1990); Vice Premier (Vice President of the Executive Yuan) SHIH Ch'i-yang (since NA July 1988)

      Political parties and leaders: Kuomintang (Nationalist Party), LI Teng-hui, chairman; Democratic Socialist Party and Young China Party controlled by Kuomintang; Democratic Progressive Party (DPP); Labor Party; 27 other minor parties

      Suffrage: universal at age 20

      Elections: President--last held 21 March 1990 (next to be held March 1996); results--President Li Teng-hui was elected by the National Assembly; Vice President--last held 21 March 1990 (next to be held March 1996); results--Li Yuan-tzu was elected by the National Assembly; Legislative Yuan--last held 2 December 1989 (next to be held December 1992); results--KMT 65%, DPP 33%, independents 2%; seats--(304 total, 102 elected) KMT 78, DPP 21, independents 3

      Member of: expelled from UN General Assembly and Security Council on 25 October 1971 and withdrew on same date from other charter-designated subsidiary organs; expelled from IMF/World Bank group April/May 1980; member of ADB and PECC, seeking to join GATT and/or MFA; attempting to retain membership in ICAC, ISO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IWC--International Wheat Council; suspended from IAEA in 1972, but still allows IAEA controls over extensive atomic development

      Diplomatic representation: none; unofficial commercial and cultural relations with the people of the US are maintained through a private instrumentality, the Coordination Council for North American Affairs (CCNAA) with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington and 10 other US cities with all addresses and telephone numbers NA; US--unofficial commercial and cultural relations with the people of Taiwan are maintained through a private institution, the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT), which has offices in Taipei at 7 Lane 134, Hsin Yi Road, Section 3 with telephone 002 886o (2) 709-2000 and in Kao-hsiung at 88 Wu Fu 3rd Road with telephone NA

      Flag: red with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays

      NOTE: The information regarding Taiwan on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Taiwan People 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Taiwan People 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
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