Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |Main Index|
  • 1990 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • Home PageCountry Index

    Turkey Geography - 1990

      Total area: 780,580 km2
      land area: 770,760 km2

      Comparative area: slightly larger than Texas

      Land boundaries: 2,715 km total; Bulgaria 240 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 331 km, Syria 822 km, USSR 617 km

      Coastline: 7,200 km

      Maritime claims:

      Extended economic zone: in Black Sea only--to the maritime boundary agreed upon with the USSR;

      Territorial sea: 6 nm (12 nm in Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

      Disputes: complex maritime and air (but not territorial) disputes with Greece in Aegean Sea; Cyprus question; Hatay question with Syria; ongoing dispute with downstream riparians (Syria and Iraq) over water development plans for the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; Kurdish question among Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and the USSR

      Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior

      Terrain: mostly mountains; narrow coastal plain; high central plateau (Anatolia)

      Natural resources: antimony, coal, chromium, mercury, copper, borate, sulphur, iron ore

      Land use: 30% arable land; 4% permanent crops; 12% meadows and pastures; 26% forest and woodland; 28% other; includes 3% irrigated

      Environment: subject to severe earthquakes, especially along major river valleys in west; air pollution; desertification

      Note: strategic location controlling the Turkish straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas; Turkey and Norway only NATO members having a land boundary with the USSR

      NOTE: The information regarding Turkey on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkey Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkey Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -

    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)