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    Vatican City Government - 1990

      Long-form name: State of the Vatican City; note--the Vatican City is the physical seat of the Holy See which is the central government of the Roman Catholic Church

      Type: monarchical-sacerdotal state

      Capital: Vatican City

      Independence: 11 February 1929 (from Italy)

      Constitution: Apostolic Constitution of 1967 (effective 1 March 1968)

      National holiday: Installation Day of the Pope (John Paul II), 22 October (1978); note--Pope John Paul II was elected on 16 October 1978

      Executive branch: pope

      Legislative branch: unicameral Pontifical Commission

      Judicial branch: none; normally handled by Italy

      Leaders: Chief of State and Head of Government--Pope JOHN PAUL II (Karol WOJTYLA; since 16 October 1978)

      Political parties and leaders: none

      Suffrage: limited to cardinals less than 80 years old

      Elections: Pope--last held 16 October 1978 (next to be held after the death of the current pope); results--Karol Wojtyla was elected for life by the College of Cardinals

      Communists: NA

      Other political or pressure groups: none (exclusive of influence exercised by church officers)

      Member: IAEA, INTELSAT, ITU, IWC--International Wheat Council, UPU, WIPO, WTO; permanent observer status at FAO, OAS, UN, and UNESCO

      Diplomatic representation: Apostolic Pro-Nuncio Archbishop Pio LAGHI; 3339 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 333-7121; US--Ambassador Thomas P. MELADY; Embassy at Villino Pacelli, Via Aurelia 294, 00165 Rome (mailing address is APO New York 09794); telephone p396o 639-0558

      Flag: two vertical bands of yellow (hoist side) and white with the crossed keys of St. Peter and the papal tiara centered in the white band

      NOTE: The information regarding Vatican City on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vatican City Government 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vatican City Government 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
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