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    World Economy - 1990

      Overview: In 1989 the World economy grew at an estimated 3.0%, somewhat lower than the estimated 3.4% for 1988. The technologically advanced areas--North America, Japan, and Western Europe--together account for 65% of the gross world product (GWP) of $20.3 trillion; these developed areas grew in the aggregate at 3.5%. In contrast, the Communist (Second World) countries typically grew at between 0% and 2%, accounting for 23% of GWP. Experience in the developing countries continued mixed, with the newly industrializing countries generally maintaining their rapid growth, and many others struggling with debt, inflation, and inadequate investment. The year 1989 ended with remarkable political upheavals in the Communist countries, which presumably will dislocate economic production still further. The addition of nearly 100 million people a year to an already overcrowded globe will exacerbate the problems of pollution, desertification, underemployment, and poverty throughout the 1990s.

      GWP (gross world product): $20.3 trillion, per capita $3,870; real growth rate 3.0% (1989 est.)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5%, developed countries; 100%, developing countries with wide variations (1989 est.)

      Unemployment rate: NA%

      Exports: $2,694 billion (f.o.b., 1988); commodities--NA; partners--in value, about 70% of exports from industrial countries

      Imports: $2,750 billion (c.i.f., 1988); commodities--NA; partners--in value, about 75% of imports by the industrial countries

      External debt: $1,008 billion for less developed countries (1988 est.)

      Industrial production: growth rate 5% (1989 est.)

      Electricity: 2,838,680,000 kW capacity; 11,222,029 million kWh produced, 2,140 kWh per capita (1989)

      Industries: chemicals, energy, machinery, electronics, metals, mining, textiles, food processing

      Agriculture: cereals (wheat, maize, rice), sugar, livestock products, tropical crops, fruit, vegetables, fish

      Aid: NA

      NOTE: The information regarding World on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of World Economy 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about World Economy 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)