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    Zaire Geography - 1990

      Total area: 2,345,410 km2
      land area: 2,267,600 km2

      Comparative area: slightly more than one-quarter the size of US

      Land boundaries: 10,271 km total; Angola 2,511 km, Burundi 233 km, Central African Republic 1,577 km, Congo 2,410 km, Rwanda 217 km, Sudan 628 km, Uganda 765 km, Zambia 1,930 km

      Coastline: 37 km

      Maritime claims:

      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: Tanzania-Zaire-Zambia tripoint in Lake Tanganyika may no longer be indefinite since it is reported that the indefinite section of the Zaire-Zambia boundary has been settled; long section with Congo along the Congo River is indefinite (no division of the river or its islands has been made)

      Climate: tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator--wet season April to October, dry season December to February; south of Equator--wet season November to March, dry season April to October

      Terrain: vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east

      Natural resources: cobalt, copper, cadmium, crude oil, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, germanium, uranium, radium, bauxite, iron ore, coal, hydropower potential

      Land use: 3% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 4% meadows and pastures; 78% forest and woodland; 15% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: dense tropical rainforest in central river basin and eastern highlands; periodic droughts in south

      Note: straddles Equator; very narrow strip of land is only outlet to South Atlantic Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Zaire on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zaire Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zaire Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)