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    Afghanistan Geography - 1991

      Total area: 647,500 km2
      land area: 647,500 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries: 5,826 km total; China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, USSR 2,384 km

      Coastline: none--landlocked

      Maritime claims: none--landlocked

      Disputes: Pashtun question with Pakistan; Baloch question with Iran and Pakistan; periodic disputes with Iran over Helmand water rights; insurgency with Iranian and Pakistani involvement; traditional tribal rivalries

      Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

      Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

      Natural resources: natural gas, crude oil, coal, copper, talc, barites, sulphur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

      Land use: arable land 12%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and pastures 46%; forest and woodland 3%; other 39%; includes irrigated NEGL%

      Environment: damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; soil degradation, desertification, overgrazing, deforestation, pollution

      Note: landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)