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    Australia Geography - 1991

      Total area: 7,686,850 km2
      land area: 7,617,930 km2
      includes Macquarie Island

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than the US

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 25,760 km

      Maritime claims: Contiguous zone: 12 nm
      Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
      Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 3 nm

      Disputes: territorial claim in Antarctica (Australian Antarctic Territory)

      Climate: generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

      Terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

      Natural resources: bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, crude oil

      Land use: arable land 6%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and pastures 58%; forest and woodland 14%; other 22%; includes irrigated NEGL%

      Environment: subject to severe droughts and floods; cyclones along coast; limited freshwater availability; irrigated soil degradation; regular, tropical, invigorating, sea breeze known as the doctor occurs along west coast in summer; desertification

      Note: world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country

      NOTE: The information regarding Australia on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Australia Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Australia Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)