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    Bahrain Geography - 1991

      Total area: 620 km2
      land area: 620 km2

      Comparative area: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 161 km

      Maritime claims:
      Continental shelf: not specific
      Territorial sea: 3 nm

      Disputes: territorial dispute with Qatar over the Hawar Islands

      Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers

      Terrain: mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment

      Natural resources: oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish

      Land use: arable land 2%; permanent crops 2%; meadows and pastures 6%; forest and woodland 0%; other 90%, includes irrigated NEGL%

      Environment: subsurface water sources being rapidly depleted (requires development of desalination facilities); dust storms; desertification

      Note: close to primary Middle Eastern crude oil sources; strategic location in Persian Gulf through which much of Western world's crude oil must transit to reach open ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bahrain Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)