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    Benin Economy - 1991

      Overview: Benin is one of the least developed countries in the world because of limited natural resources and a poorly developed infrastructure. Agriculture accounts for almost 40% of GDP, employs about 60% of the labor force, and generates a major share of foreign exchange earnings. The industrial sector contributes only about 15% to GDP and employs 2% of the work force. Persistently low prices in recent years have limited hard currency earnings from Benin's major exports of agricultural products and crude oil.

      GDP: $2.0 billion, per capita $400; real growth rate 2.6% (1990)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.0% (1990)

      Unemployment: NA%

      Budget: revenues $194 million; expenditures $390 million, including capital expenditures of $104 million (1990 est.)

      Exports: $250 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.); commodities--crude oil, cotton, palm products, cocoa; partners--FRG 36%, France 16%, Spain 14%, Italy 8%, UK 4%

      Imports: $442 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.); commodities--foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco, petroleum products, intermediate goods, capital goods, light consumer goods; partners--France 34%, Netherlands 10%, Japan 7%, Italy 6%, US 4%

      External debt: $1.0 billion (December 1990 est.)

      Industrial production: growth rate - 0.7% (1988); accounts for 30% of GDP

      Electricity: 28,000 kW capacity; 24 million kWh produced, 5 kWh per capita (1989)

      Industries: textiles,cigarettes, construction materials, beverages, food production, petroleum

      Agriculture: small farms produce 90% of agricultural output; production is dominated by food crops--corn, sorghum, cassava, beans, and rice; cash crops include cotton, palm oil, and peanuts; poultry and livestock output has not kept up with consumption

      Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $46 million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-88), $1.1 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $19 million; Communist countries (1970-89), $101 million

      Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (plural--francs); 1 CFA franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes

      Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1--256.54 (January 1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988), 300.54 (1987), 346.30 (1986), 449.26 (1985)

      Fiscal year: calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Benin on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Benin Economy 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Benin Economy 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
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