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    Chile Geography - 1991

      Total area: 756,950 km2
      land area: 748,800 km2; includes Isla de Pascua (Easter Island) and Isla Sala y Gomez

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana

      Land boundaries: 6,171 km total
      Argentina 5,150 km, Bolivia 861 km, Peru 160 km

      Coastline: 6,435 km

      Maritime claims: Contiguous zone: 24 nm
      Continental shelf: 200 nm
      Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: short section of the southern boundary with Argentina is indefinite; Bolivia has wanted a sovereign corridor to the South Pacific Ocean since the Atacama area was lost to Chile in 1884; dispute with Bolivia over Rio Lauca water rights; territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine claim

      Climate: temperate; desert in north; cool and damp in south

      Terrain: low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east

      Natural resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum

      Land use: arable land 7%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and pastures 16%; forest and woodland 21%; other 56%; includes irrigated 2%

      Environment: subject to severe earthquakes, active volcanism, tsunami; Atacama Desert one of world's driest regions; desertification

      Note: strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage)

      NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)