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    Cyprus Geography - 1991

      Total area: 9,250 km2
      land area: 9,240 km2

      Comparative area: about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 648 km

      Maritime claims:
      Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: 1974 hostilities divided the island into two de facto autonomous areas--a Greek area controlled by the Cypriot Government (60% of the island's land area) and a Turkish-Cypriot area (35% of the island) that are separated by a narrow UN buffer zone; in addition, there are two UK sovereign base areas (about 5% of the island's land area)

      Climate: temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters

      Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south

      Natural resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

      Land use: arable land 40%; permanent crops 7%; meadows and pastures 10%; forest and woodland 18%; other 25%; includes irrigated 10% (most irrigated lands are in the Turkish-Cypriot area of the island)

      Environment: moderate earthquake activity; water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, and most potable resources concentrated in the Turkish-Cypriot area)

      NOTE: The information regarding Cyprus on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cyprus Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cyprus Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)