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    Iceland Geography - 1991

      Total area: 103,000 km2
      land area: 100,250 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Kentucky

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 4,988 km

      Maritime claims:
      Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm
      Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Denmark, Ireland, and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)

      Climate: temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers

      Terrain: mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords

      Natural resources: fish, hydroelectric and geothermal power, diatomite

      Land use: arable land NEGL%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures 23%; forest and woodland 1%; other 76%

      Environment: subject to earthquakes and volcanic activity

      Note: strategic location between Greenland and Europe; westernmost European country

      NOTE: The information regarding Iceland on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iceland Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iceland Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)