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    Israel Geography - 1991

      Total area: 20,770 km2
      land area: 20,330 km2

      Comparative area: slightly larger than New Jersey

      Land boundaries: 1,006 km total
      Egypt 255 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307, Gaza Strip 51 km

      Coastline: 273 km

      Maritime claims: Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      Territorial sea: 6 nm

      Disputes: separated from Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank by the 1949 Armistice Line; differences with Jordan over the location of the 1949 Armistice Line which separates the two countries; West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli occupied with status to be determined; Golan Heights is Israeli occupied; Israeli troops in southern Lebanon since June 1982; water-sharing issues with Jordan

      Climate: temperate; hot and dry in desert areas

      Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

      Natural resources: copper, phosphates, bromide, potash, clay, sand, sulfur, asphalt, manganese, small amounts of natural gas and crude oil

      Land use: arable land 17%; permanent crops 5%; meadows and pastures 40%; forest and woodland 6%; other 32%; includes irrigated 11%

      Environment: sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; limited arable land and natural water resources pose serious constraints; deforestation

      Note: there are 175 Jewish settlements in the West Bank, 38 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 18 in the Gaza Strip, and 14 Israeli-built Jewish neighborhoods in East Jerusalem

      NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)