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    Lebanon Geography - 1991

      Total area: 10,400 km2
      land area: 10,230 km2

      Comparative area: about 0.8 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 454 km total
      Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km

      Coastline: 225 km

      Maritime claims: Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: separated from Israel by the 1949 Armistice Line; Israeli troops in southern Lebanon since June 1982; Syrian troops in northern Lebanon since October 1976

      Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers

      Terrain: narrow coastal plain; Al Biqa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains

      Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt; water-surplus state in a water-deficit region

      Land use: arable land 21%; permanent crops 9%; meadows and pastures 1%; forest and woodland 8%; other 61%; includes irrigated 7%

      Environment: rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, ethnicity; deforestation; soil erosion; air and water pollution; desertification

      Note: Nahr al Litani only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary

      NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lebanon Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)