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    Malta Geography - 1991

      Total area: 320 km2
      land area: 320 km2

      Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 140 km

      Maritime claims:
      Contiguous zone: 24 nm
      Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
      Exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

      Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

      Natural resources: limestone, salt

      Land use: arable land 38%; permanent crops 3%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 59%; includes irrigated 3%

      Environment: numerous bays provide good harbors; fresh water very scarce--increasing reliance on desalination

      Note: strategic location in central Mediterranean, 93 km south of Sicily, 290 km north of Libya

      NOTE: The information regarding Malta on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malta Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malta Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)