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    Nicaragua Geography - 1991

      Total area: 129,494 km2
      land area: 120,254 km2

      Comparative area: slightly larger than New York State

      Land boundaries: 1,231 km total
      Costa Rica 309 km, Honduras 922 km

      Coastline: 910 km

      Maritime claims: Contiguous zone: 25 nm security zone (status of claim uncertain)
      Continental shelf: not specified
      Territorial sea: 200 nm

      Disputes: territorial disputes with Colombia over the Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank; unresolved maritime boundary in Golfo de Fonseca

      Climate: tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

      Terrain: extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

      Natural resources: gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

      Land use: arable land 9%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures 43%; forest and woodland 35%; other 12%; including irrigated 1%

      Environment: subject to destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, and occasional severe hurricanes; deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution

      NOTE: The information regarding Nicaragua on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nicaragua Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
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