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    Niger Geography - 1991

      Total area: 1,267,000 km2
      land area: 1,266,700 km2

      Comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: 5,697 km total; Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km

      Coastline: none--landlocked

      Maritime claims: none--landlocked

      Disputes: Libya claims about 19,400 km2 in northern Niger; demarcation of international boundaries in Lake Chad, the lack of which has led to border incidents in the past, is completed and awaiting ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria; Burkina and Mali are proceeding with boundary demarcation, including the tripoint with Niger

      Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

      Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

      Natural resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates

      Land use: arable land 3%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures 7%; forest and woodland 2%; other 88%; includes irrigated NEGL%

      Environment: recurrent drought and desertification severely affecting marginal agricultural activities; overgrazing; soil erosion

      Note: landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Niger on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niger Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niger Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)