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    Norway Geography - 1991

      Total area: 324,220 km2
      land area: 307,860 km2

      Comparative area: slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries: 2,544 km total; Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km, USSR 196 km

      Coastline: 21,925 km (3,419 km mainland; 2,413 km large islands
      16,093 km long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations)

      Maritime claims: Contiguous zone: 10 nm
      Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 4 nm

      Disputes: maritime boundary dispute with USSR; territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land); Denmark has challenged Norway's maritime claims beween Greenland and Jan Mayen

      Climate: temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast

      Terrain: glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

      Natural resources: crude oil, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower

      Land use: arable land 3%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures NEGL%; forest and woodland 27%; other 70%; includes irrigated NEGL%

      Environment: air and water pollution; acid rain

      Note: strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world; Norway and Turkey only NATO members having a land boundary with the USSR

      NOTE: The information regarding Norway on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Norway Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Norway Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)