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    Peru Geography - 1991

      Total area: 1,285,220 km2
      land area: 1,280,000 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Alaska

      Land boundaries: 6,940 km total
      Bolivia 900 km, Brazil 1,560 km, Chile 160 km, Colombia 2,900 km, Ecuador 1,420 km

      Coastline: 2,414 km

      Maritime claims: Territorial sea: 200 nm

      Disputes: two sections of the boundary with Ecuador are in dispute

      Climate: varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west

      Terrain: western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)

      Natural resources: copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash

      Land use: arable land 3%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and pastures 21%; forest and woodland 55%; other 21%; includes irrigated 1%

      Environment: subject to earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, mild volcanic activity; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima

      Note: shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia

      NOTE: The information regarding Peru on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Peru Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Peru Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)