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    United Kingdom Geography - 1991

      Total area: 244,820 km2
      land area: 241,590 km2
      includes Rockall and Shetland Islands

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundary: Ireland 360 km

      Coastline: 12,429 km

      Maritime claims: Continental shelf: as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreed upon boundaries
      Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: Northern Ireland question with Ireland; Gibraltar question with Spain; Argentina claims Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas); Argentina claims South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Mauritius claims island of Diego Garcia in British Indian Ocean Territory; Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Denmark, Iceland, and Ireland (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area); territorial claim in Antarctica (British Antarctic Territory)

      Climate: temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than half of the days are overcast

      Terrain: mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast

      Natural resources: coal, crude oil, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica

      Land use: arable land 29%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and pastures 48%; forest and woodland 9%; other 14%; includes irrigated 1%

      Environment: pollution control measures improving air, water quality; because of heavily indented coastline, no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters

      Note: lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from France and now being linked by tunnel under the English Channel

      NOTE: The information regarding United Kingdom on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of United Kingdom Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about United Kingdom Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)