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    Yemen Geography - 1991

      Total area: 527,970 km2
      land area: 527,970 km2; includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)

      Comparative area: slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming

      Land boundaries: 1,746 km total
      Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km

      Coastline: 1,906 km

      Maritime claims: Contiguous zone: North--18 nm; South--24 nm
      Continental shelf: North--200 meters (depth); South--edge of continental margin or 200 nm
      Exclusive economic zone: North--no claim; South 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: undefined section of boundary with Saudi Arabia; Administrative Line with Oman

      Climate: desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east

      Terrain: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula

      Natural resources: crude oil, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west

      Land use: arable land 6%; permanent crops NEGL%; meadows and pastures 30%; forest and woodland 7%; other 57%; includes irrigated NEGL%

      Environment: subject to sand and dust storms in summer; scarcity of natural freshwater resources; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Note: controls Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes

      NOTE: The information regarding Yemen on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Yemen Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Yemen Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)