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International Rankings of Romania - 2020

SOURCE: CIA World Factbook 2020


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This table lists the international rankings of Romania, in all categories that are published in the CIA World Factbook, and those that we derived from them. Additional international rankings of Romania, can be found in the main country ranks menu.
For a definition of each entry, visit the Definitions page.


Ranked Data Rank Value Date of Info
Communications
Broadband - fixed subscriptions - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants26222017
Broadband - fixed subscriptions - total29 4.78 million2017
Internet users - percent of population (%)94 59.5%July 2016
Internet users - total45 12,852,696July 2016
Telephones - fixed lines - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants43 182017
Telephones - fixed lines - total subscriptions35 3.89 million2017
Telephones - mobile cellular - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants60 1052017
Telephones - mobile cellular - total subscriptions52 22.55 million2017
Economy
Budget - expenditures4568.13 billion2017
Budget - revenues44 62.14 billion2017
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) % of GDP57 -2.8%17
Central bank discount rate (%)58 1.75%31 December 2017
Commercial bank prime lending rate (%)118 5.57%31 December 2017
Current account balance183 -$7.114 billion2017
Debt - external50 $95.97 billion31 December 2017
Distribution of family income - Gini index108 27.32012
Exports46 $64.58 billion2017
GDP - composition, by end use - exports of goods and services (%)82 41.4%2017
GDP - composition, by end use - government consumption (%)126 7.7%2017
GDP - composition, by end use - household consumption (%)66 70%2017
GDP - composition, by end use - imports of goods and services (%)87 -43.6%2017
GDP - composition, by end use - investment in fixed capital (%)68 22.6%2017
GDP - composition, by end use - investment in inventories (%)37 1.9%2017
GDP - composition, by sector of origin - agriculture (%)110 4.2%2017
GDP - composition, by sector of origin - industry (%)47 33.2%2017
GDP - composition, by sector of origin - services(%)89 62.6%2017
GDP - per capita (PPP)80 $24,6002017
GDP - real growth rate (%)15 6.9%2017
GDP - official exchange rate51 $211.9 billion2017
GDP - purchasing power parity42 $483.4 billion2017
Gross national saving (% of GPD)71 21.1% of GDP2017
Household income or consumption by percentage share - highest 10% (%)108 7.6%2014
Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% (%)2 15.3%2014
Imports43 $78.12 billion2017
Industrial production growth rate (%)38 5.5%2017
Inflation rate(consumer prices) (%)76 1.3%2017
Labor force55 8.951 million2017
Labor force - by occupation - agriculture (%)60 28.3%2014
Labor force - by occupation - industry (%)25 28.9%2014
Labor force - by occupation - services (%)123 42.8%2014
Market value of publicly traded shares56 $42.24 billion31 December 2017
Population below poverty line (%)75 22.4%2012
Public debt (% of GPD)126 36.8% of GDP2017
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold44 $44.43 billion31 December 2017
Stock of broad money53 $54.13 billion31 December 2017
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad71 $6.822 billion31 December 2017
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home48 $94 billion31 December 2017
Stock of domestic credit60 $72.54 billion31 December 2017
Stock of narrow money53 $54.13 billion31 December 2017
Taxes and other revenues75 29.3%17
Unemployment rate (%)100 4.9%2017
Energy
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy5172.07 million Mt2017
Crude Oil - exports69 2,076 bbl/day2015
Crude Oil - imports38 145,300 bbl/day2015
Crude Oil - production46 70,000 bbl/day2018
Crude Oil - proved reserves40 600 million bbl1 January 2018
Electricity - consumption (kWh)50 49.64 billion kWh2016
Electricity - exports (kWh)19 11.22 billion kWh2015
Electricity - from fossil fuels52 47% of total installed capacity2016
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants43 29% of total installed capacity2017
Electricity - from nuclear fuels15 6% of total installed capacity2017
Electricity - from other renewable sources24 19% of total installed capacity2017
Electricity - imports (kWh)46 4.177 billion kWh2016
Electricity - installed generating capacity39 23.94 million kW2016
Electricity - production (kWh)47 61.78 billion kWh2016
Electricity access - electrification - total population1 100%2016
Electricity Consumption per capita (kWh)103 2330.202016
Natural gas - consumption (cu m)46 11.58 billion cu m2017
Natural gas - exports (cu m)52 22.65 million cu m2017
Natural gas - imports (cu m)59 1.218 billion cu m2017
Natural gas - production (cu m)41 10.87 billion cu m2017
Natural gas - proved reserves (cu m)50 105.5 billion cu m1 January 2018
Refined petroleum products - consumption59 198,000 bbl/day2016
Refined petroleum products - exports45 103,000 bbl/day2015
Refined petroleum products - imports82 49,420 bbl/day2015
Refined petroleum products - production48 232,600 bbl/day2015
Geography
Land Area - sq km80229,891 sq kmNA
Total Area - sq km84 238,391 sq kmNA
Coastline(km)134 225 kmNA
Elevation - mean elevation (m)85 414 mNA
Irrigated land (sq km)21 31,490 sq km2012
Land boundaries - total km66 2,844 kmNA
Land use - agricultural land (%)35 60.7%2011
Land use - arable land (%)13 39.1%2011
Land use - forest (%)102 28.7%2011
Land use - other (%)159 10.6%2011
Land use - permanent crops (%)66 1.9%2011
Land use - permanent pasture (%)79 19.7%2011
Maritime claims - contiguous zone1 24NA
Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone1 200NA
Maritime claims - territorial sea3 12NA
Population density - Persons per sq km*120 92.67July 2020
Military
Military expenditures - percent of GDP452.04% of GDP2019
Population
Age structure 0-14 years (%)20714.12%20
Age structure 15-24 years (%)186 10.31%20
Age structure 25-54 years (%)18 46.26%20
Age structure 55-64 years (%)75 11.73%20
Age structure 65 years and over (%)38 17.58%20
Birth Rate (births/1,000 population)145 8.5 births/1,000 population2020
Current health expenditures62 5%2016
Death Rate (deaths/1,000 population)15 12 deaths/1,000 population2020
Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio (%)22 25.22015
Dependency ratios - potential support ratio118 42015
Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio (%)120 482015
Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio (%)150 22.82015
Drinking water source - Improved - rural1 100% of population2015
Drinking water source - Improved - total1 100%2015
Drinking water source - Improved - urban1 100% of population2015
Education expenditures - percent of GDP50 3.1% of GDP2015
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)38 0.1%2018
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS63 18,0002018
Hospital bed density16 6.3 beds/1,000 population2013
Infant mortality rate - female (deaths/1,000 live births)112 7.4 deaths/1,000 live births2020
Infant mortality rate - male (deaths/1,000 live births)116 9.9 deaths/1,000 live births2020
Infant mortality rate - total (deaths/1,000 live births)125 8.7 deaths/1,000 live births2020
Life expectancy at birth - female (years)54 79.7 years2020
Life expectancy at birth - male (years)71 72.6 years2020
Life expectancy at birth - total population56 76 years2020
Literacy - female (%)13 98.5%2015
Literacy - male (%)10 99.1%2015
Literacy - total population13 98.8%2015
Maternal mortality rate96 19 deaths/100,000 live births2017
Median age - female (years)27 44 years2020
Median age - male (years)25 41 years2020
Median age - total (years)23 42.5 years2020
Mother's mean age at first birth (years)27 26.7 years2014
Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)57 -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population2020
Obesity - adult prevalence rate60 22.5%2016
Physicians density64 2.26 physicians/1,000 population2016
Population58 21,302,893July 2020
Population growth rate (%)158 -0.37%2020
Sanitation facility access - Rural Improved (% of population)87 63.3% of population2015
Sanitation facility access - Total Improved (% of population)77 79.1%2015
Sanitation facility access - Urban Improved (% of population)46 92.2% of population2015
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female8 15 years2016
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male7 14 years2016
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total8 14 years2016
Sex ratio - 0-14 years(male(s)/female)10 1.06 male(s)/female2020
Sex ratio - 15-24 years(male(s)/female)19 1.05 male(s)/female2020
Sex ratio - 25-54 years(male(s)/female)22 1.03 male(s)/female2020
Sex ratio - 55-64 years(male(s)/female)34 0.89 male(s)/female2020
Sex ratio - 65 years and over (male(s)/female)44 0.68 male(s)/female2020
Sex ratio - at birth (male(s)/female)8 1.06 male(s)/female2020
Sex ratio - total population (male(s)/female)96 94.7 male(s)/female2020
Suffrage4 18 years of ageNA
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)139 1.38 children born/woman2020
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female (%)76 18.6%2017
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male(%)59 18.1%2017
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total (%)60 18.3%2017
Urbanization - rate of urbanization (%)168 -0.38% annual rate of change15-20
Urbanization - urban population (%)107 54.1% of total population2019
Transportation
Airports80452013
Airports - with paved runways - 1,524 to 2,437 m35 112017
Airports - with paved runways - 2,438 to 3,047 m30 102017
Airports - with paved runways - over 3,047 m24 42017
Airports - with paved runways - total53 262017
Airports - with paved runways - under 914 m35 12017
Airports - with unpaved runways - 914 to 1,523 m54 52013
Airports - with unpaved runways - total79 192013
Airports - with unpaved runways - under 914 m58 142013
Heliports24 22013
Merchant marine - total74 112pan style="padding-left:7px;">country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 79

National air transport system - annual freight traffic on registered air carriers92 4,691,2802015
National air transport system - annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers63 3,636,6422015
National air transport system - inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers56 512015
National air transport system - number of registered air carriers24 52015
Railways - broad gauge33 60 km2014
Railways - narrow gauge52 427 km2014
Railways - standard gauge12 10,781 km2014
Railways (km)24 11,268 kmNA
Roadways - paved (km)41 49,873 kmNA
Roadways - total (km)58 84,185 kmNA
Roadways - unpaved (km)42 34,312 kmNA
Waterways (km)42 1,731 kmNA




*CALCULATED FIGURES are those that we calculated from data presented by the CIA World Factbook. For example, we calculated population density by dividing the total population by the land area, the electricity consumption per capita by dividing electricity consumption by the total population, etc.


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania <%HEADING%> 2020 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania <%HEADING%> 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.







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