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International Rankings of Romania - 2024


SOURCE: 2024 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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This table lists the international rankings of Romania, in all categories that are published in the CIA World Factbook, and those that we derived from them. Additional international rankings of Romania, can be found in the main country ranks menu.
For a definition of each entry, visit the Definitions page.

Ranked Data Rank Value Year
Communications
Broadband - fixed subscriptions - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 24 30 2020
Broadband - fixed subscriptions - total 34 5.685 million 2020
Internet users - percent of population 24 84 % 2021
Internet users - total 50 15.960 million 2021
Telephones - fixed lines - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 46 13 2021
Telephones - fixed lines - total subscriptions 52 2.222 million 2022
Telephones - mobile cellular - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 44 119 2021
Telephones - mobile cellular - total subscriptions 57 22.929 million 2021
Economy
Average household expenditures - on alcohol and tobacco 14 5.7 % of household expenditures 2018
Average household expenditures - on food 39 27.3 % of household expenditures 2018
Budget - expenditures 49 83.590 billion US Dollars 2019
Budget - revenues 44 72.193 billion US Dollars 2019
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 57 2.8 % of GDP 0
Current account balance 204 20.627 billion US Dollars 2021
Debt - external 52 117.829 billion US Dollars 2019
Exports 42 129.215 billion US Dollars 2022
GDP (official exchange rate) 50 249.543 billion US Dollars 2019
GDP - composition by end use - exports of goods and services 82 41.4 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - government consumption 127 7.7 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - household consumption 66 70 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - imports of goods and services 88 43.6 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - investment in fixed capital 69 22.6 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - investment in inventories 37 1.9 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by sector of origin - agriculture 112 4.2 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by sector of origin - industry 47 33.2 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by sector of origin - services 89 62.6 % of GDP 2017
Gini Index coefficient - distribution of family income 79 34.8 % 2019
Household income or consumption by percentage share - highest 10% 110 7.6 % share of income accruing to lowest and highest 10% of population 2014
Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% 2 15.3 % share of income accruing to lowest and highest 10% of population 0
Imports 37 149.876 billion US Dollars 2022
Industrial production growth rate 98 4.07 % 2021
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 65 5.05 % 2021
Labor force 65 8.381 million US Dollars 2021
Population below poverty line 72 23.8 % 2018
Public debt 83 57.11 % of GDP 2020
Real GDP (purchasing power parity) 36 618.950 billion US Dollars 2022
Real GDP growth rate 86 5.1 % 2021
Real GDP per capita 63 32500 US Dollars 2022
Remittances 82 3.22 2021
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 44 51.886 billion US Dollars 2021
Taxes and other revenues 147 14.18 % of GDP 0
Unemployment rate 137 5.17 % 2021
Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24) - female 99 20.18 % 0
Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24) - male 57 20.9 % 0
Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24) - total 64 20.6 % 2021
Energy
Carbon dioxide emissions - from coal and metallurgical coke 34 20.891 million metric tonnes of CO2 2019
Carbon dioxide emissions - from consumed natural gas 49 20.588 million metric tonnes of CO2 2019
Carbon dioxide emissions - from petroleum and other liquids 58 27.268 million metric tonnes of CO2 2019
Coal - consumption 26 16.412 million metric tons 2020
Coal - exports 60 2000 metric tons 2020
Coal - imports 48 1.384 million metric tons 2020
Coal - production 24 15.002 million metric tons 2020
Coal - proven reserves 51 291.000 million metric tons 2019
Electricity - consumption 50 50.039 billion kWh 2019
Electricity - exports 35 5.459 billion kWh 2020
Electricity - imports 28 8.252 billion kWh 2020
Electricity - installed generating capacity 46 20.528 million kWh 2020
Electricity - transmission/distribution losses 42 6.501 billion kWh 2019
Electricity access - electrification - rural areas 87 N/A 2024
Electricity access - electrification - total population 83 N/A 2024
Electricity access - electrification - urban areas 67 N/A 2024
Electricity access - population without electricity 26 N/A 2024
Electricity generation sources - biomass and waste 49 0.9 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - fossil fuels 126 32.1 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - geothermal 17 0 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - hydroelectricity 63 29.9 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - nuclear 16 20.4 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - solar 37 3.4 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - tide and wave 6 0 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - wind 20 13.4 % 2020
Energy consumption per capita 84 71.736 million Btu/person 2019
Natural gas - consumption 47 11.088 billion cubic meters 2019
Natural gas - exports 54 11.185 million cubic meters 2019
Natural gas - imports 48 2.801 billion cubic meters 2019
Natural gas - production 44 10.368 billion cubic meters 2019
Natural gas - proven reserves 49 105.480 billion cubic meters 2021
Petroleum - crude oil and lease condensate exports 66 1400 bbl/day 2018
Petroleum - crude oil and lease condensate imports 37 161600 bbl/day 2018
Petroleum - crude oil estimated reserves 40 600.000 million bbl/day 2021
Petroleum - refined petroleum consumption 54 222200 bbl/day 2019
Petroleum - total petroleum production 52 74000 bbl/day 2021
Refined petroleum products - exports 46 103000 bbl/day 2015
Refined petroleum products - imports 83 49420 bbl/day 2015
Refined petroleum products - production 49 232600 bbl/day 2015
Environment
Air pollutants - carbon dioxide emissions 44 69.26 megatons 2016
Air pollutants - methane emissions 55 27.62 megatons 2020
Air pollutants - particulate matter emissions 122 13.3 micrograms per cubic meter 2019
Land use - agricultural land 35 60.7 2018
Land use - arable land 13 39.1 2018
Land use - forest 104 28.7 2018
Land use - permanent crops 67 1.9 2018
Land use - permanent pasture 79 19.7 2018
Revenue from coal 30 0.03 % of GDP 2018
Revenue from forest resources 83 0.16 % of GDP 2018
Total renewable water resources 42 212.000 billion cubic meters 2020
Total water withdrawal - agricultural 76 1.430 billion cubic meters 2020
Total water withdrawal - industrial 25 3.900 billion cubic meters 2020
Total water withdrawal - municipal 45 1.090 billion cubic meters 2020
Urbanization - rate of urbanization 170 0.15 2025
Urbanization - urban population 109 54.7 2023
Geography
Area - land 83 229891 sq km 0
Area - total 85 238391 sq km 0
Area - water 72 850083 sq km 0
Coastline 133 225 km 0
Elevation - highest point 83 2544 meters 0
Elevation - lowest point 35 0 meters 0
Elevation - mean elevation 86 414 meters 0
Irrigated land 56 4730 sq km 2020
Land boundaries - total 69 2844 km 0
Land use - agricultural land 35 60.7 2018
Land use - arable land 13 39.1 2018
Land use - forest 104 28.7 2018
Land use - permanent crops 67 1.9 2018
Land use - permanent pasture 79 19.7 2018
Military
Military expenditures 32 1.6 % of GDP 2023
Population
Alcohol consumption per capita - beer 5 5.33 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Alcohol consumption per capita - other alcohols 63 0 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Alcohol consumption per capita - spirits 47 2.25 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Alcohol consumption per capita - total 13 10.96 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Alcohol consumption per capita - wine 17 3.38 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Birth rate 145 8.6 births/1,000 population 2023
Child marriage - men married by age 18 45 N/A 2024
Child marriage - women married by age 15 58 N/A 2024
Child marriage - women married by age 18 82 N/A 2024
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 89 N/A % 0
Contraceptive prevalence rate 130 N/A % 0
Current health expenditure 55 6.3 % of GDP 2020
Currently married women (ages 15-49) 92 54.8 % 2023
Death rate 5 14.9 deaths/1,000 population 2023
Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio 27 29.1 % 0
Dependency ratios - potential support ratio 120 3.4 % 2021
Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio 97 53.7 % 0
Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio 151 24.6 % 0
Drinking water source - improved 1 100 % of population 0
Drinking water source - rural 109 0 % of population 0
Drinking water source - total 102 0 % of population 2020
Drinking water source - unimproved 64 0 % of population 0
Education expenditures 49 3.7 % of GDP 2020
Gross reproduction rate 90 0.79 % 2023
Infant mortality rate - female 169 5.4172 deaths/1,000 live births 0
Infant mortality rate - male 141 5.9 deaths/1,000 live births 0
Infant mortality rate - total 140 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births 2023
Life expectancy at birth - female 2 80104 years 0
Life expectancy at birth - male 72 72.9 years 0
Life expectancy at birth - total population 66 76.3 years 2023
Literacy - definition 2 15 0
Literacy - female 12 98.7 % 2021
Literacy - male 8 99.1 % 0
Literacy - total population 11 98.9 % 0
Maternal mortality ratio 112 10 deaths/100,000 live births 2020
Median age - female 49 46.517 years 0
Median age - male 15 43.6 years 0
Median age - total 15 45.1 years 2023
Mother's mean age at first birth 32 27.1 2020
Net migration rate 93 3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population 0
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 60 22.5 % 2016
Physicians density 51 2.98 physicians/1,000 population 2017
Population 67 18.326 million 2023
Population growth rate 177 1.01 % 2023
Sanitation facility access - improved 24 96.9 % of population 0
Sanitation facility access - rural 70 24 % of population 0
Sanitation facility access - total 68 12.7 % of population 2020
Sanitation facility access - unimproved 71 3.1 % of population 0
Sex ratio - 0-14 years 10 1.06 male(s)/female 0
Sex ratio - 15-64 years 23 1 male(s)/female 0
Sex ratio - 65 years and over 43 0.7 male(s)/female 0
Sex ratio - at birth 8 1.06 male(s)/female 0
Sex ratio - total population 26 0.93 male(s)/female 0
Total fertility rate 122 1.63 children born/woman 2023
Urbanization - rate of urbanization 170 0.15 2025
Urbanization - urban population 109 54.7 2023
Transportation
Airports 63 82 2024
Heliports 50 18 2024
Merchant marine - total 77 127 2023
National air transport system - annual freight traffic on registered air carriers 103 2.710 million 2018
National air transport system - annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers 63 4.908 million 2018
National air transport system - inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers 59 60 0
National air transport system - number of registered air carriers 20 8 2020
Railways - narrow gauge 66 N/A 2024
Railways - total 103 N/A km 2024
Roadways - paved 135 N/A km 2024
Roadways - total 142 N/A km 2024
Waterways 47 1731 km 2010

*CALCULATED FIGURES are those that we calculated from data presented by the CIA World Factbook. For example, we calculated population density by dividing the total population by the land area, the electricity consumption per capita by dividing electricity consumption by the total population, etc.

NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.