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Algeria Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        2,381,740 sq km

        land area:
        2,381,740 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 6,343 km, Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km

    • Coastline:
      998 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive fishing zone:
        32-52 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      Libya claims part of southeastern Algeria; land boundary dispute with Tunisia settled in 1993

    • Climate:
      arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

    • Terrain:
      mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      3,360 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water

        natural hazards:
        mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides

        international agreements:
        party to - Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    • Note:
      second-largest country in Africa (after Sudan)

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