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American Samoa Geography 1996

    • Affiliation:
      (territory of the US)

    • Location:
      Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        199 sq km

        land area:
        199 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Washington, DC

        includes Rose Island and Swains Island

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      116 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages 124 inches; rainy season from November to April, dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation

    • Terrain:
      five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)

    • Natural resources:
      pumice, pumicite

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        limited natural fresh water resources; in many areas of the island water supplies come from roof catchments

        natural hazards:
        typhoons common from December to March

        international agreements:

    • Note:
      Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean

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