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Angola Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Zaire

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        1,246,700 sq km

        land area:
        1,246,700 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than twice the size of Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 5,198 km, Congo 201 km, Namibia 1,376 km, Zaire 2,511 km, Zambia 1,110 km

    • Coastline:
      1,600 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        20 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)

    • Terrain:
      narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA km2

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        population pressures contributing to overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest attributable to the international demand for tropical timber and domestic use as a fuel; deforestation contributing to loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water

        natural hazards:
        locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau

        international agreements:
        party to - Law of the Sea; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification

    • Note:
      Cabinda is separated from rest of country by Zaire

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