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Armenia


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Armenia

        conventional short form:
        Armenia

        local long form:
        Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun

        local short form:
        Hayastan

        former:
        Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic; Armenian Republic

    • Digraph:
      AM

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Yerevan

    • Administrative divisions:
      37 regions (shrjanner, singular - shrjan) and 23 cities* (kaghakner, singular - kaghak); Abovyan*, Akhuryani Shrjan, Alaverdi*, Amasiayi Shrjan, Anii Shrjan, Aparani Shrjan, Aragatsi Shrjan, Ararat*, Ararati Shrjan, Armaviri Shrjan, Artashat*, Artashati Shrjan, Art'ik*, Art'iki Shrjan, Ashots'k'i Shrjan, Ashtarak*, Ashtaraki Shrjan, Baghramyani Shrjan, Ch'arents'avan*, Dilijan*, Ejmiatsin*, Ejmiatsni Shrjan, Goris*, Gorisi Shrjan, Gugark'i Shrjan, Gyumri*, Hoktemberyan*, Hrazdan*, Hrazdani Shrjan, Ijevan*, Ijevani Shrjan, Jermuk*, Kamo*, Kamoyi Shrjan, Kapan*, Kapani Shrjan, Kotayk'i Shrjan, Krasnoselski Shrjan, Martunu Shrjan, Masisi Shrjan, Meghru Shrjan, Metsamor*, Nairii Shrjan, Noyemberyani Shrjan, Sevan*, Sevani Shrjan, Sisiani Shrjan, Spitak*, Spitaki Shrjan, Step'anavan*, Step'anavani Shrjan, T'alini Shrjan, Tashiri Shrjan, Taushi Shrjan, T'umanyani Shrjan, Vanadzor*, Vardenisi Shrjan, Vayk'i Shrjan, Yeghegnadzori Shrjan, Yerevan*

    • Independence:
      28 May 1918 (First Armenian Republic); 23 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

    • National holiday:
      Referendum Day, 21 September

    • Constitution:
      adopted NA April 1978; referendum on new constitution to be held 5 July 1995

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Levon Akopovich TER-PETROSYAN (since October 1991) election last held 16 October 1991 (next to be held NA 1996); results - Levon Akopovich TER-PETROSYAN 86%; radical nationalists about 7%; note - Levon Akopovich TER-PETROSYAN was elected Chairman of the Armenian Supreme Soviet 4 August 1990 before becoming president

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Hrant BAGRATYAN (since 16 February 1993); First Deputy Prime Minister Vigen CHITECHYAN (since 16 February 1993)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Supreme Soviet:
        elections last held 20 May 1990 (next to be held 5 July 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (260 total) non-aligned 136, ANM 52, DPA 17, Democratic Liberal Party 17, ARF 12, NDU 9, Christian Democratic Party 1, Constitutional Rights Union 1, ONS 1, Republican Party 1, Nagorno-Karabakh representatives 13

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Armenian National Movement (ANM), Ter-Husik LAZARYAN, chairman; National Democratic Union (NDU), David VARTANYAN, chairman; Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF, Dashnaktsutyun); note - banned until reorganized; Democratic Party of Armenia (DPA; Communist Party), Aram SARKISYAN, chairman; Christian Democratic Party, Azat ARSHAKYAN, chairman; Greens Party, Hakob SANASARIAN, chairman; Democratic Liberal Party, Rouben MIRZAKHANYAN, chairman; Republican Party, Ashot NAVARSARDYAN, chairman; Union for Self-Determination (ONS), Paruir AIRIKYAN, chairman

    • Member of:
      BSEC, CCC, CIS, EBRD, ECE, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ITU, NACC, NAM (observer), OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Ruben SHUGARIAN

        chancery:
        Suite 210, 1660 L Street NW, Washington, DC 20036

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 628-5766

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 628-5769

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Harry J. GILMORE

        embassy:
        18 Gen Bagramian, Yerevan

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [7] (8852) 151-144, 524-661

        FAX:
        [7] (8852) 151-138

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, and gold






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